The population of the city in 2020 as per estimates is 12.9512 Million + 0.45024 Million = 13.40144 Million. [146] Bangalore's IT industry is divided into three main clusters – Software Technology Parks of India (STPI); International Tech Park, Bangalore (ITPB); and Electronics City. 80 lakh mark. [85] Roughly 10% of Bangalore's population lives in slums. Die Stadt lag damit im indischen Vergleich hinter Hyderabad und Pune (beide Platz 143), aber vor Mumbai (Platz 154), Kalkutta (Platz 160) und Delhi (Platz 162).[13]. La plus ancienne référence au nom Bengaḷūru est une inscription gravée dans une vīra gallu du Xe siècle (ವರಗಲಲ, littéralement une « pierre du héros » vantant les mérites d'un guerrier). In 1859, Bangalore Herald became the first English bi-weekly newspaper to be published in Bangalore and in 1860, Mysore Vrittanta Bodhini became the first Kannada newspaper to be circulated in Bangalore. [231] A significant number of national cricketers have come from Bangalore, including former captains Rahul Dravid and Anil Kumble. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, and remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956. It has a population of more than 8 million and a metropolitan population of around 11 million, making it the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India. Der am 24. It now hovers around 88.48% and the city’s literacy rate is second only to Dakshina Kannada, which has a literacy rate of 88.6%. [51] The Indian Institute of Science was established in 1909, which subsequently played a major role in developing the city as a science research hub. The population density of the city of Bangalore is 17,000 people per square kilometre. The city was earlier served by the HAL Airport at Vimanapura, a residential locality in the eastern part of the city. [34], In 1117, the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana defeated the Cholas in the Battle of Talakad in south Karnataka, and extended its rule over the region. Hubballi-Dharwad | Bangalore / b æ ŋ ɡ ə ˈ l ɔː r /, officially known as Bengaluru ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] ()), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.It has a population of more than 8 million and a metropolitan population of around 11 million, making it the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India. [136][137] 42% of the households migrated from different parts of India like Chennai, Hyderabad and most of North India, and 43% of the households had remained in the slums for over 10 years. Kempe Gowda I's successor, Kempe Gowda II, built four towers that marked Bangalore's boundary. [186] Subsequently, the British Wesleyan Mission established the first English school in 1832 known as Wesleyan Canarese School. [210], The first printing press in Bangalore was established in 1840 in Kannada by the Wesleyan Christian Mission. Das Cricket-Team der Stadt, die Royal Challengers Bangalore, spielt in der Indian Premier League. [177], Bangalore did not have an effective contemporary art representation, as compared to Delhi and Mumbai, until recently during the 1990s, several art galleries sprang up, notable being the government established National Gallery of Modern Art. The rivers Arkavathi and Vrishabhavathi together carry much of Bangalore's sewage. Das Indian Institute of Science sagte im Sommer 2016 in einer seitdem zurückgezogenen Prognose, dass die Region bis 2020 unbewohnbar sein werde.[14]. [56] The "City Improvement Trust" was formed in 1945, and in 1949, the "City" and the "Cantonment" merged to form the Bangalore City Corporation. Aside from in excess of 1000 types of flora and fauna, Lalbagh is home to The Lal Bagh Rock, one of the oldest formations in the world, going back to 3,000 million years and numerous trees that are extremely old. Bangalore is widely regarded as the "Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 18,034,867. The city is known for its year-round pleasant climate and its elevation is the highest among all major cities in India. [5] Unter den Ballungsräumen Indiens nimmt Bengaluru damit den fünften Platz hinter Mumbai, Delhi, Kalkutta und Chennai ein. 2011 wurde der erste Abschnitt der Bengaluru Metro (Namma) eröffnet. Heute sind Teile der Mauern als Folge des Straßenbaus niedergerissen worden; für den Bau des Victoria-Hospitals wurde ein Graben zugeschüttet. Male literacy has also increased by 4% and is now at 91.82%. The city hosted the Miss World 1996 beauty pageant. In the earlier half of 20th century, the Nandi Hills waterworks was commissioned by Sir Mirza Ismail (Diwan of Mysore, 1926–41 CE) to provide a water supply to the city. [175] Bangalore has a wide and varied mix of restaurant types and cuisines and Bangaloreans deem eating out as an intrinsic part of their culture. The Bangalore University was established in 1886, it provides affiliation to over 500 colleges, with a total student enrolment exceeding 300,000. Other languages such as English, Telugu, Tamil, Hindi, Malayalam, Urdu are also spoken widely. [8] Die Spannungen zwischen diesen beiden Bevölkerungsteilen zeigten sich auch in der Kontroverse um die Tiruvalluvar-Statue, ein Denkmal für den tamilischen Dichterheiligen Tiruvalluvar, das bereits 1992 aufgestellt wurde, aber erst 2009 enthüllt werden konnte. There are four major railway stations in the city: Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna Railway Station, Bangalore Cantonment railway station, Yeshwantapur junction and Krishnarajapuram railway station, with railway lines towards Jolarpettai in the east, Chikballapur in the north-east, Guntakal in the north, Tumkur in the northwest, Hassan and Mangalore[159] in the west, Mysore in the southwest and Salem in the south.