0000002792 00000 n Occasionally, the barn swallow builds a nest under a rock ledge or cliff face, but that is rare. The barn swallow uses a variety of vocalizations to communicate. 0000011451 00000 n The Barn Swallow is the only North American swallow with a long forked tail. It has a deeply forked tail. Barn Swallows can be identified by their chest-nut forehead, rufous and blue underparts, and dark, shiny blue backs. It skims over the surface of a body of water and scoops up water in its bill. Atlas of Breeding Birds of Tennessee. 0000054652 00000 n It is the most widely distributed and abundant swallow species in the world, breeding throughout the northern hemisphere and wintering in most of the southern hemisphere with the exception of Australia and Antarctica. 0000001811 00000 n The male tries to attract a female by spreading his wings and singing. While still a common nesting species in Tennessee numbers are declining likely to due to the decrease in farmland and loss of barn nesting habitat. The habitat of Barn Swallows is mostly open country and marshes, especially near barns, outbuildings, bridges, and culverts. trailer <<0BCF6007F8434CEFA5053D0C1B8DD8E3>]/Prev 330293>> startxref 0 %%EOF 86 0 obj <>stream 0000059737 00000 n Tail length, in both males and females, tends to correlate with reproductive success, and annual survival. Barn swallows form breeding pairs in the spring, when they return to their breeding grounds. General Habitat Description for the Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) Ministry of Natural Resources A general habitat description is a technical document that provides greater clarity on the area of habitat protected for a species based on the general habitat definition found in … It travels as many as 600 miles a day. Diet. Nesting and reproduction: Barn Swallows nest solitarily or in small colonies The Barn Swallow's habit of nesting in barns makes this the most familiar swallow to Tennesseans. The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. Nicholson, C. P. 1997. The eggs take around two weeks to hatch and the chicks fledge when they are about three weeks old. 0000060096 00000 n In Tennessee, egg laying begins in late April with a peak for first clutches from 10 to 15 May. Distribution and Habitat Barn Swallows are common throughout 0000034901 00000 n They fledge in about 21 days and the parents will continue to feed them for another week. 242/08 s.23.5: horizontal ledges or rough vertical surfaces with a 0000002524 00000 n Sample application of the general habitat protection for Barn Swallow. of Tennessee Press, Knoxville. 0000048198 00000 n Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks. 0000020266 00000 n The following suitable conditions are required for nesting habitat constructed or modified under O. Reg. Males and females are similar, but the female's tail is a little less forked, and her underparts are a little paler. 0000002368 00000 n As their name suggests, barns are one of the favorite locations for barn swallows to build their nests. 0000007411 00000 n The forehead and throat are chestnut colored, and the tail is deeply forked. Status in Tennessee: The Barn Swallow was originally rare in the state, but became a common breeder by the mid-1900s because of its attraction to human-made structures for nest sites. European and Asian barn swallows winter in southern Asia, Indonesia, and Micronesia. 35 0 obj <> endobj xref 35 52 0000000016 00000 n